Penybont Tillery Colliery – Early History

Penybont Tillery Colliery – Early History

Messrs Thomas Protheroe Price & D. Price Esq.
Between 1846 and 1848 the sinking of the Penybont/Tillery Colliery began on the Greenmeadow Estate owned by Mr Stothert, of Bath.

In September 1849 Mr Daniel Williams (Pit Sinker/Engineer) fell 240′ feet down the Penybont/Tillery Colliery. Luckily there was some water at the bottom which seemed to have broken his fall, he was off work for a few weeks though recovered fully and he was back in work. The report stated that a few years earlier he had fell 90′ feet down a pit at Abersychan.

In November 1850 Messrs T. P. & D. Price had sunk the Tillery/Penybont Collieries. The Monmouthshire Merlin newspaper stated they had reached the steam coal and gave the Workmen a celebrational dinner held at the Bridge End and White Horse Inns for the Mechanics and Sinkers and at the Bush Inn for Messrs Price and friends.

Messrs Bevan and Brewer 1863 – 1864.
In 1863 Messrs Bevan and Brewer took over the workings.

Messrs G. P. Bevan & Co 1864 – 1864.
In 1864 Mr G. P. Bevan & Co leased and run the Tillery collieries.

In 1864 T. P. Price sadly passed away.

Messrs G. E. Bevan & Co 1864 – 1868.
In 1864 Messrs G. E. Bevan & Co of (Northampton, Hereford and Bristol) took over the Tillery collieries. Messrs G. E. Bevan & Co leased and run the Tillery collieries, Messrs G. E. Bevan (Northampton, Hereford and Bristol) had in 1863 leased the Golynos works and sold the same works in 1867. In 1863 a part of the Llanelli Works has been converted into a Tin Plate Manufactory by Messrs Jayne and Meadhouse. In 1870 Jayne and Co consisted of John Jayne, Richard and Samuel Harvey Twining, Bankers, The Strand, Middlesex..

Messrs Jayne & Co.
In 1868 the Tillery Collieries were working under the name of Messrs Jayne. In 1869 the Tillery Collieries were owned by Mr John and Basil Jayne and Mr George Finlay.

John Jayne – 1868 – 1873.
John Jayne J.P. for the county of Breconshire and also the High Sheriff for the county in 1872.  Born in Blaenavon in 1804, at an early age he entered into the services of Twining & Co Bankers and Tea Merchants, London. He later managed the provision stores of the Clydach Iron Company for several years then moved onto undertake a similar job at the Nantyglo Works but on a larger scale. He became a Director of the Monmouthshire Wagon Company in 1856 with M Morrison and C Bailey etc. He became a Director of the Merthyr and Abergavenny Railway Co in 1858, along with Crawshay Bailey etc.  After he retired he went on to become the chief proprietor of the Milfrean Hill and Abertillery Collieries.

Brynmawr Coal Company 1873 – 1877.
The Company was set up in 1873 by Mr Basil Jayne. Mr Basil Jayne – Mr John Jayne’s son became Chairman of the newly set-up Brynmawr Coal Company and they acquired all the mining assets from Mr John Jayne and purchased the Milfrean and Tillery Collieries in 1873. 

The Brynmawr Coal Company – The original Company set up in 1873.
The Directors Mr John Henry Benham Esq (Stafford House, Camden Road London); Mr J. W. Dixon Esq (West Lodge, Clapham Common); Mr W. H. Forester (Sketty Park, Swansea) Iron Master; Mr Thomas Greatrex Esq (Farmwood, Newport) Director of the Monmouthshire Railway; Mr W. E. Jayne Esq (Danybont House, Abergavenny) and Lord William Phipps (Mulgrave Castle, Whitby):
Managing Director – Mr Basil Jayne Esq (Pant-y-Baliea House Abergavenny):
Bankers – Twining Tea and Company (215 The Strand, London); The National Provincial Bank of England, London and Abergavenny:
Solicitors – Messrs Tilleard, Godden and Holme (34 Old Jewry, London):
Brokers – Messrs Moore and Greatrex (17 Throgmorten Street, London):
Secretary – James Fraser (7 Bank Buildings, Lothbury, London):
Offices – Brynmawr, South Wales:

Basil Jayne and Co.
In 1877 the Brynmawr Coal Company was wound up in 1877 and Basil Jayne and Co purchased the Penybont/Tillery Collieries in there own right.

The Brooklyn Steamer.
On the 6th May 1881 the Steamer “The Brooklyn” of the Dominion Line made a fast crossing of the Atlantic in just 7 days. It had departed from Quebec and on its arrival at Liverpool it was reported that it was using Jaynes Tillery Steam Coal.

Thomas Wilde Powell of The Powell’s Tillery Steam Coal Company 1882 – 1897.
In 1882 T. W. Powell took over the company and formed the Powell’s Tillery Steam Coal Company, the colliery was then known as Powell’s Tillery. Mr Thomas Wilde Powell, was a Solicitor, Philanthropist, Banker, Broker and Art Collector etc, lived in Piccards Rough, Guildford. His wife was Mary Elizabeth nee Marten. He paid for the erection the Tillery Reading Rooms, Abertillery in 1884  and also had the Tillery Institute built in April 1898 but sadly died in January 1897, before its completion. He had an estate in Western Australia, and left a personal estate that was valued at £195, 508, 5s 9d, the equivalent to £11.407.763 in today’s money.
At the time of his death he was in the company of Heseltine, Powell & Co. Stockbrokers.

The Powell Family.
Charles Marten Powell, Surgeon, son.
Thomas Edmund Powell, Stockbroker, son. Director of Powells Tillery from 1897. Died in 1901.
Herbert A Powell, Doctor, son. Took over the directorship of the company in 1901, after the death of his brother Thomas. Mr Herbert A Powell opened the Tillery Institute Gymnasium Abertillery in 1902, he was presented with a Gold key by the Architect to open Gymnasium.

Christiana Herringham, nee Powell, daughter,  (1852-1929) married Physician, Sir Wilmot Parker Herringham KCMG CB (1855-1936) in 1880. Christiana, Lady Herringham was a prominent painter. She opened the Powell’s Tillery Institute, Abertillery, she was presented with a Golden Key by the Architect to open the Institute.

Mary Elizabeth Turner nee Powell, married Hugh Thackeray Turner (Architect, China Painter) – Their daughter Ruth married George Leigh-Mallory (Mountain Climber).
Eleanor Grace Powell,
Rosamond Powell,
Agnes Powell,
Theodora Powell.

The Ebbw Vale Steel Iron and Coal Company 1916 –
On July 10th 1916 negotiations began to acquire the collieries belonging to the Powell’s Tillery Steam Coal Co Ltd by the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Co Ltd & T. Beynon and Co Ltd.
The new directors consisted of Mr J. W. Beynon the head of T. Beynon and Co and the director of the Ebbw Vale Company; Mr Frederick Mills (Managing Director); Sir Henry Mather Jackson Bart; and Major John Charters Kirk.

The Powell’s Tillery Steam Coal Company was formed in 1904 taking over the previous company formed in 1882. It had a share capital of £144,006 and a debenture issue of £65,200, The colliery’s output was about 900,000 tons annually, total value was over half a million sterling.
The Powell’s Tillery Co, Directors – Col H. A. Powell; Messrs E. Heseltine; William Newall; W. J. Roch; and William Stewart (Managing Director); would retire. The Ebbw Vale Co were to take over the Management.

On Friday June 30th 1916 the collieries belonging to the Powell’s Tillery Steam Coal Co Ltd were finally acquired by the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Co Ltd & T. Beynon and Co Ltd.
The new directors consisted of Mr J. W. Beynon the head of T. Beynon and Co and the director of the Ebbw Vale Company; Mr Frederick Mills (Managing Director); Sir Henry Mather Jackson Bart; and Major John Charters Kirk.

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