History of the Gwent Collieries

California Colliery Level – Nantyglo.

California Colliery. The California Colliery Level (as seen in the centre of the map from 1920) just opposite the Nantyglo Station was opened by Mr Silvanus Jones Jnr in October 1904. In 1915 the collieries were taken over by Silvanus Jones & Co. (S Jones & Co). In November 1920 it was announced that Mr Silvanus Jones of the Woodlands, ... Read More »

Penybont Cwmtillery – By Product Works & Coke Ovens

Penybont Cwmtillery – By Product Works, Washery & Coke Ovens. Prior to 1911 the Coke Ovens were located in the grounds of Cwmtillery Colliery. Link to the original Coke Ovens at Cwmtillery Colliery The Map (left) shows the area in 1901, about ten years before the By-Product Plant, Washery and Coke Works were constructed. The works would be built in ... Read More »

Mr John. P. Swinburne M.E

Mr John. P. Swinburne M.E. Mr John Swinburne M.E., Chief Mechanical Engineer for the Messrs J. Lancaster Co. Born 1839 in Durham, Mr John Swinburne came to Cardiff in 1884, he worked for the Powell Duffryn Co at New Tredegar and came to Blaina in 1889 to sink the Griffin No3 Colliery and took a prominent part in the sinking ... Read More »

Mr J. P. D. Williams – Blaina Collieries

Mr J. P. D. Williams M.E. – General Manager of the Blaina Collieries. Mr J. P. D. Williams Born in 1834 at Nantyglo. His family lived on the Garn, at the age of 11 he started in the coalmines. His first job was in the “Little Pit” Blaina under his brother-in-law Mr Thomas Lewis the Contractor. He lost both parents ... Read More »

Cwmtillery Colliery – Experiments with Iron Pit Props

Cwmtillery Colliery Experiments with Iron Pit Props. In October 1929 an article in the “Ebbw Vale Works Magazine” stated experiments with Iron Pit-Props conducted at Cwmtillery Colliery had proved successful. The number of Iron Props in use were 12,107 and the number of Flats were 2,177. As a result of the change from Wooden Props to Iron Props the timber ... Read More »

De-Watering Drivage Roseheyworth Colliery

De-Watering Drivage Roseheyworth Colliery. Late 1980 the NCB Authorities had concerns of water affecting the Six Bells Colliery workings and the source was believed to┬áhave been underground reservoirs located somewhere under the Arael Mountain between Roseheyworth Colliery and Six Bells. They decided to open a Drivage from Roseheyworth towards Six Bells under the Abertillery Park area to bore a series ... Read More »

Mr David Francis Pritchard – Western Valley’s Brewery Crumlin

Mr David Francis Pritchard – Crumlin. Mr David Francis Pritchard, was born in Llangynidr, Brecknockshire in 1848, the son of Mr Edward and Sarah Pritchard of Llanfrynach, Brecon. In 1880 Mr David F. Pritchard married Mary Durrant Gibbins. Mary Durrant Gibbins was born in Devonshire on 26th July 1852. A short while after they moved to Buchan Terrace, Rhymney and ... Read More »

Llanerch Colliery

Llanerch Colliery – Cwm-nant-ddu. Llanerch Colliery originally known as Cwm-nant-ddu was sunk in about the mid 1840s. Its early history is a bit confusing and unclear at present though it seems industry in the area started between 1825-1830. The Iron Works commenced in the 1830s with an approximate workforce of 3,000 hands under the name of the British. On many ... Read More »

Colliery Canteens

Colliery Canteens. The idea of a Pit Canteen was first raised in the “National Food Journal” in October 1918. The headline was “Details of South Wales Scheme”, Pithead Restaurants. The suggestion was made by Mr T. C. Jones the Director of Ships Stores. He said there were small eating rooms, restaurants attached to the Munition Factories and Small Arms Works ... Read More »

Celynen North Colliery

North Celynen Colliery. The North Celynen Colliery was sunk by The Newport Abercarn Black Vein Steam Coal Company between 1908 and 1916. In January 1908 at a meeting in connection with a Recreation Ground at Crumlin, the Councillors heard that Kay Field one of the options for a Park was out of the question as it had been promised to ... Read More »

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